Spine Archive: Bone Density

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Causes of Lordosis

Unnatural spinal back-bowing curvature and other spinal deformities can be found here in Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Achondroplasia (abnormal bone growth), spondylolisthesis (vertebral slippage), and osteoporosis (loss of bone mass) are among the most common causes of lordosis. Obesity can also lead to this abnormal curvature. Because of this, it’s important to live a healthy lifestyle with proper diet, posture, and exercise to ensure your spine is healthy. In children, lumbar hyperlordosis can be the result of a vitamin D deficiency.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Osteoporosis – What is it?

Aging along with an improper or unhealthy lifestyle can lead to complications of osteoporosis. To learn more about spine health and osteoporosis – search here in Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Typically, people with osteoporosis will experience bone breakage in the upper spine where forward motion can put increased stress on the spine and vertebral bones. When these bones break, it often leads to pain. Sometimes, height can be affected if too many bones break which will make people appear hunched over. This phenomenon is called kyphosis.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Osteoporosis & Kyphosis

Osteoporosis & Kyphosis are linked closely together because of the affect they have on our spines. Want to find out more? Read on here in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Patients with osteoporosis suffer from a loss or decrease of bone mass. When too many breakages occur along the spine from this weakness, the backbone will begin to curve forward. Patients with kyphosis will often look like they are stooped over or hunching. Severe kyphosis can cause the patient to appear extremely bent over, almost exhibiting a hump. Kyphosis can be the cause of pain associated with nerves pinching and other elements of the back being stretched.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Complications of Osteoporosis

Reduced bone mass in patients with Osteoporosis can greatly affect the spine – even daily activities can be a burden. To learn more about osteoporosis and the spine, search here in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge Center

The bones (or vertebrae) in our spine provide support to our upper and lower back. Vertebral fracturing or compression fractures can be the result of osteoporosis – a weakening of bone mass causing the bones to incur damage much easier than normal. Bone breakage in the spine can be extremely painful. When multiple breaks happen, the spine can become curved and start affecting our height.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

DEXA Scans

Bone density tests are tied to certain standards, these standards exist under a dual-energy x-ray scan, also called a DEXA scan. In this test, a low energy x-ray is passed through the bone, generally in the hips and spine. This test examines bone density and will assess for osteoporosis.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Bone Density in the Spine

Bone mass assessments are an important aspect to personal health which can contribute greatly to spine health as well. A BMD (bone mineral density) test is recommended to test bone density. This test is often a good indication of onset osteoporosis. This test is non-invasive, painless, and is generally conducted in the hip or spine.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Bone Density in Ankylosing Spondylitis, Buffalo NY

Ankylosing Spondylitis can lead to bone density loss. Consult Dr. Anthony Leone’s team to learn more

A decrease in bone density has been shown to be related to persistent systemic inflammation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Spinal density measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry increases as ankylosis progresses; therefore, DEXA hip measurements or quantitative CT should be used.¹

¹R. Vaccaro MD, Alexander. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2005.