Spine Archive: Hypertrophy

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Spinal Hypertrophy

Enlargement of the spine can cause serious complications. Consult Dr. Leone’s team today.

Hypertrophy (enlargement) of the spine can be the result of joint degeneration and the body’s response to heal the targeted areas. This enlargement causes increased pressure and can impinge on surrounding areas including nerves. As a result, stiffness and swelling, normally in the lower back can become existent.

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Lumbar Degenerative Disease: Stenosis, WNY

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Aging of the spine, as with other joints of the body, can bring on bony and ligamentous changes. Narrowing of the disc spaces and hypertrophy of the ligamentum flavum and facet joints are accompanied by narrowing of the spinal canal. Compression can occur in any of the three areas: (1) central stenosis, (2) subarticular or lateral recess stenosis, or (3) foraminal stenosis.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.

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Degenerative Disorders of the Lumbar Spine in the Elderly, WNY

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Lumbar spondylosis is ubiquitous in the elderly population. Most patients will become symptomatic at some point in their adult lives. Degenerative disc disease, facet arthrosis, and muscle deconditioning may all be sources of pain. Low back and radiating proximal leg pain (pseudoradicular pain) may result from disc disease of facet hypertrophy and inflammation. This pain typically responds to traditional conservative treatment.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.

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Disc Degeneration

Disc Degeneration might induce segmental instability and secondary hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the connective tissue elements. In the lumbar spine, degenerative tissue, including posterior bulge of disc-associated end plate remodeling, hypertrophy and bony proliferation of facet joints, and hypertrophy of ligamenta flava and facet joint capsules, might encroach into the central canal, subarticular recess, and/or neural foramina and impinge on, entrap, or compress neural structures.

¹Abitbol MD, Jean-Jacques. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2002.