Spine Archive: Kyphosis

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Types of Spinal Deformities

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There are many types of deformities related to the spine. These deformities can occur when it undergoes obscure growth or is damaged. Deformities relating to an unnatural curving of the spine is called scoliosis and is most prevalent in children. Another deformity that involves spine curvature is called kyphosis. Where scoliosis involves a sideways curving of the spine, kyphosis results in a forward and back curving.

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Common Surgical Procedures in Children

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Diagnostic findings are important to determine the severity of cases in children. Once a full diagnosis has been completed the physician will determine the discourse of treatment. Common spine surgeries in children include treatments for scoliosis, kyphosis (forward hunching of the back), lordosis (swayback), and spondylolisthesis (vertebral slippage).

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Osteoporosis – What is it?

Aging along with an improper or unhealthy lifestyle can lead to complications of osteoporosis. To learn more about spine health and osteoporosis – search here in Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Typically, people with osteoporosis will experience bone breakage in the upper spine where forward motion can put increased stress on the spine and vertebral bones. When these bones break, it often leads to pain. Sometimes, height can be affected if too many bones break which will make people appear hunched over. This phenomenon is called kyphosis.

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Osteoporosis & Kyphosis

Osteoporosis & Kyphosis are linked closely together because of the affect they have on our spines. Want to find out more? Read on here in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Patients with osteoporosis suffer from a loss or decrease of bone mass. When too many breakages occur along the spine from this weakness, the backbone will begin to curve forward. Patients with kyphosis will often look like they are stooped over or hunching. Severe kyphosis can cause the patient to appear extremely bent over, almost exhibiting a hump. Kyphosis can be the cause of pain associated with nerves pinching and other elements of the back being stretched.

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What is Kyphosis?

To learn more about Kyphosis and other spinal deformities, please search here in Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.

The term kyphosis refers to the forward curving of the spine. While small curvature is normal, kyphosis causes the patient to appear bent over. This is most prevalent in older women as weakening of the spinal structure leads to the compression of spinal bones. Kyphosis can also occur in youths but this is a result of spinal malformation or “wedging” of the spine bones. This condition, if becoming severe, can cause pain and dis-figuration.

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Compression Fractures, WNY

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In its purest form, a compression fracture results from an axial load applied to the spine. The anterior column of the spine (vertebral body and disk) is involved without involvement of the middle column (posterior vertebral cortex and posterior longitudinal ligament). Neurologically intact patients with less than 30 degrees of kyphosis and less than 50% loss of vertebral body height can be treated with hyperextension orthosis.¹

¹R. Vaccaro MD, Alexander. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2005.

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Kyphotic Deformities, WNY

Want to learn more about Kyphotic deformities? Browse Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Kyphotic deformities may be postural and correctable, structural and rigid, or acute and progressive, depending on the cause. The physician should assess the severity of the kyphosis, the resulting imbalance, and the degree of functional impairment by determining the patient’s sagittal alignment and balance, his or her visual horizon (the ability to look straight ahead or upward while standing), the flexibility of the curve and whether there is evidence of skin ulcers at the kyphos.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.

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Sacroiliitis, Western New York

Spinal complications, deformities, and spinal surgical information can be found here, in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge Center.

Sacroiliitis is the hallmark of AS, which is strongly associated with HLA-B27, the spinal involvement will exhibit nonmarginal syndesmophytes with squaring of the vertebral bodies and may progress to autofusion or a “bamboo” spine deformity. This condition can lead to kyphotic deformities at any level of the spine and predispose the patient to fracture, often through the calcified disc space, even after seemingly innocuous treatment.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.

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Scoliosis and Kyphosis Posture, WNY

Spine care involving scoliosis and other spine complications are covered here, in Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center for spine & orthopedic surgery.

Inspection of the patient standing upright and in forward flexion determines the presence of scoliosis or kyphosis. The skin should be examined for cutaneous lesions. Cutaneous neurofibroma, cafe au lait patches, or axillary freckles are usually present in neurofibromatosis.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.