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While there are currently no existing cures for spina bifida, this birth defect has a variety of possible treatments available. Typically, treatment involves surgery – especially in more severe cases of spina bifida (myelomeningocele). Parents of babies with myelomeningocele are generally encouraged to move forward with surgery to prevent infections and additional injury to the spinal cord and nerves.
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In a birth defect such as myelomeningocele, the bones of the spine don’t form complete resulting in an incomplete spinal canal. This can cause the spinal cord to sick out of the patients back.
Unfortunately, the cause of this disorder is currently unknown. Some theories surrounding the causes of myelomeningocele include a lack of healthy folic acid level’s in the mom during development and radiation.