Want to learn more about spinal infections? Search here in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge Center.
When a vertebral body (bone) becomes infected it is referred to as osteomyelitis. In the spine, this can cause pain. Typically, this spinal infection spreads by way of a vessel. In the case of the lower spine, the veins that are associated with the pelvis can be a welcome route for bacteria to enter the spine – causing the infection or osteomyelitis.
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Whether it’s from poor nutrition, cancer, diabetes, fungal or bacterial organisms – spinal infections lead to weakness, stiffness, and pain. Treatment for spinal infections range from antibiotics or anti-fungal medications to surgical interventions to rid the body of the infection in question.
A physician can successfully diagnose spinal problems involving disease and injuries a number of ways including, but not limited to:
– genetic testing to determine hereditary history within a family
– visual inspection of the injured area in question
– sensory tests to determine functioning and non-functioning areas
– CT scans via X-ray technology
– MRI tests to diagnose spinal cord regions
Malnutrition is a serious condition affecting the spine. Learn more about this and other conditions here in Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.
Malnutrition is often coincident with spinal infection; therefore, an evaluation of the patient’s nutritional status is crucial in determining appropriate nutritional therapy as part of treatment.¹
¹R. Vaccaro MD, Alexander. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2005.