Spine Archive: Thoracic

Spine Surgery Buffalo

The Areas of the Spine and What they Do – Spine Health 101

There are three main sections that make up the spine. To learn more about the spine, search Dr. Anthony Leone’s Knowledge Center.

The spine is arranged into three specific section that together form the shape of an “s” when viewed from the side. Beginning at the top, this area is referred to as the cervical spine and has a natural inward curve. This inward curve is referred to as “lordotic”. The middle area of the spine is also called the thoracic spine. This section has a slight inward curve, referred to as “kyphotic”. The final section is referred to as the lumbar curve, which like the cervical, has a natural inward curve. Together, these areas of the spine work together to absorb weight, maintain balance, and allow full ranges of motion throughout.

There are two muscle groups that are related to the spine – flexors and extensors. Flexor muscles are front-facing and include the abdominal wall. Flexors allow us to bend forward, flex, and also assist in controlling the lumbar arch. Extensor muscles are back-facing and allow us to stand upright and assist in lifting objects. Just as the three sections of the spine work in tandem, these two muscle groups do as well.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Surgical Treatment in Thoracic Discopathy, Erie County

Contact Dr. Anthony Leone regarding spinal discomfort.

Surgical intervention is indicated for patients who have myelopathy or who have unrelenting pain and failed a course of nonsurgical treatment. Decision-making regarding the most appropriate surgical approach should be based on the level of herniation, its location relative to the spinal cord, disc consistency, and the surgeon’s experience with the approach. The patient’s age and medical condition must be considered. Surgical approaches may be either anterior or posterior, as described later.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, WNY

Syndromes like thoracic outlet syndrome are outlined in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge center for spine & orthopedic surgery.

Thoracic outlet syndrome can cause symptoms of arm and hand paresthesias, neck pain, and headache. The etiology is believed to be dynamic compression of the brachial plexus and/or subclavian artery between the clavicle and a cervical rib or prominent first rib.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.

Spine Surgery Buffalo

Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Posture, Buffalo, New York

Correct posture is important for general spine health and care. You can read more about spine care in Dr. Leone’s Knowledge Center.

The surgeon will examine gait, posture, and motion as the patient enters the room and moves from chair to examining table and back. A waddling gait may be seen in spondylolisthesis as a result of hamstring tightness associated with flexed hips and knees and a flexed pelvis. Patients with quadriceps weakness hyper-extend the knee when walking to lock the joint and prevent giving away.¹

¹Garfin MD, Steven. Orthopaedic Knowledge Update : Spine. Rosemont: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1997.